Toxoplasmosis in pregnancy

Toxoplasmosis in pregnancy

As a general rule, the medical team uses the term toxoplasmosis in pregnancy to refer to a disease caused by a parasitic infection. In this way, the species of protozoa that produces this disorder is Toxoplasma gondii.

On the other hand, the parasite can infect both certain types of animals and the human species. Thus, domestic cats are a fixed host and among intermediaries we can point to certain birds and mammals.

Depending on the characteristics of the patient, clinical cases may or may not present symptoms. In addition, these may vary in severity, treatment and other properties.

What are its possible causes?

As I have said, toxoplasmosis is due to infection caused by a kind of parasite. Currently, the team of experts has been able to identify a series of transmission routes of this organism. For example, among the most common we can highlight:

  • Consumption of raw or undercooked meat that is home to this living being.
  • Intake of vegetables that have been in contact with feces of a cat that is also infected.
  • Drinking contaminated water.
  • Use culinary instruments that have been in contact with contaminated food.
  • Receive blood transfusions, tissues or organs from a person who serves as a host for this parasite.

Consequences of suffering toxoplasmosis during pregnancy

Specialists have found that women who get this disease during pregnancy can also transmit it to the fetus. The odds of this process increase as the fetus develops or the time of pregnancy increases.

To avoid this problem, the corresponding medical team will perform routine tests on patients. In this way, you can easily check if they are developing an infection and if possible the transmission to the fetus. In any case, the experts will choose the best treatment options to solve any problems during this stage.

Typically, experts often recommend the administration of certain drug groups. This way, the symptoms developed by the patient can be controlled and solved. However, if the infection does not show signs or are of a mild nature, doctors advise against any special treatment measure.

On the other hand, the consequences of toxoplasmosis in the fetus are worse in the early stages of pregnancy. This is because the tissues are forming and growing and any alteration can produce changes in the structures formed.

The damage can affect almost any tissue (brain, heart, eyes etc.) and can even cause the death of the fetus in more complicated clinical cases. However, the baby may not develop any symptoms during pregnancybut present the infection latently. In that case, you may have toxoplasmosis at another stage of your life.

How is your diagnosis carried out?

As a general rule, the medical team usually carries out a series of checks to identify the cause of the alteration in the patient. In this way, other conditions with similar characteristics can be ruled out. For example, among the most frequent medical tests we can highlight:

  • Checking the symptoms that the patient has developed so far. In addition, a review of the clinical history and family history is usually performed in a normal manner.
  • Routine tests such as blood tests. In this way, the corresponding doctor can check if an infection exists. For this, the levels of antibodies that the blood sample has presented are studied.
  • In case of pregnancy, other tests are usually carried out to check the presence of the parasite in the fetus. A sample of amniotic fluid or blood is taken to examine it. You can also analyze other tissues such as the placenta or organs of the baby to check their status.

In any case, we hope that this article has been useful to inform you about toxoplasmosis. If you have any questions on the subject, do not hesitate to go to your nearest medical team to resolve it effectively.

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