Types of bandages in first aid


Types of bandages in first aid

As a general rule, bandages refer, within the medical field, to the act of wrapping a certain part of a person’s body. For this, bandages are necessary, which are strips of gauze, canvas or other materials, normally of elastic properties. On other occasions, sanitary materials such as dressings or tape are used.

In this way, the different techniques of bandaging are usually used in individuals to calm their pain in emergency situations. They can also be carried out to avoid complications arising while waiting for emergency services. In addition, it is possible to apply different methods depending on the state and location of the regions to be bandaged.

When used in emergency situations, bandages are included in first aid. These include a set of health techniques that a subject can apply to preserve their own life or that of other people.

In any case, they are simple and can greatly reduce complications and improve the clinical conditions of an individual. Normally, they apply once the emergency team has been notified and is waiting for the emergency team to arrive at the accident site.

In what situations can a bandage be carried out?

Bandage techniques are used in a wide variety of medical situations, both emergency and routine. Among the alterations that can be treated and other common uses of the bandage process, we can highlight:

  • Bleeding or blood loss that can vary in severity. Thus, the bandages are used to reduce or contain the loss of blood while professionals come.
  • Burns of any kind.
  • Various types of trauma, such as dislocations, sprains, broken bones, etc. In this case, the bandages are carried out to immobilize the joint or body region that intervenes. Thus, it is possible that the patient feels less pain, because the movements or displacements of the affected areas are avoided.

On the other hand, in other occasions bandages are carried out to achieve other objectives. This is the case of the fixation of splints, dressings, medications (usually topical), etc. They can also be used to prevent possible injuries.

Types of bandages in emergency situations

Types of bandages in emergency situations

According to the patient’s clinical condition – what type of damage has been suffered, where has he suffered it. What is its severity – different bandage processes can be carried out.

Nowadays, a healthcare team knows a great variety of techniques that improve the condition of the affections suffered and, therefore, of the patient. However, these procedures can be practiced in emergency situations by an individual outside of this area.

In this way, among the types of bandages that are used more frequently, are:

  • In eight: As a general rule, it is used to immobilize joints such as the elbow, knee, ankle, wrist, among others. It is carried out by crisscrossing the wraps of the bandages, similar to the shape of an eight.
  • Protective: This type of bandage is used as a prevention against possible pathogens that could enter the wound.
  • Contentive: Develops to heal wounds and burns routinely.
  • Compressive: It is used more frequently to contain a hemorrhage or a loss of blood in some body region.
  • In spiral: Generally, it is applied in the extremities to protect them and performs a compressive function. The successive turns partially overlap as the affected body member is progressively coated.
  • Circular: They protect and hold regions of the body such as the fingers of the hands, the forearm, the thigh, etc.
  • Simple: In this case, when a body area is wrapped, the bandage strips are completely overlapped.

In any case, we hope that this article has been useful and interesting and has been able to solve some of your doubts. Of course, do not hesitate to go to the nearest medical center to get in touch with a specialist. If you find yourself in an emergency situation, call the emergency services and wait until the medical team arrives at the scene.


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